Inflation hit a 39-year high in November as an economy still grappling with the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic drove strong consumer demand along with persistent supply-chain snarls and labor shortages.
The consumer price index jumped 6.8% from a year earlier, the fastest pace since 1982, as prices surged for staples such as food and gasoline, as well as new and used cars, rent and medical care, the Labor Department said Friday.
Excluding volatile food and energy items, so-called core prices rose 4.9% annually, a new 30-year high.
On a monthly basis, overall consumer prices increased 0.8% in November while core prices advanced 0.5%.
Although wages are also climbing as a result of the worker shortages, they’re not keeping pace with the soaring prices, squeezing lower-income households.
After languishing below normal levels for most of the past decade, inflation has spiked since spring as COVID vaccinations increased and the economy reopened following last year’s government-ordered shutdowns.
Consumers who were already snapping up goods such as TVs and appliances while stuck at home during the health crisis began dining out and traveling more. Many were ready to splurge after they built up more than $2.5 trillion in additional savings from federal stimulus checks and enhanced unemployment benefit, as well as cutting back during the lockdowns.
But a supply network still hobbled by the pandemic wasn’t prepared for the buying binges. Many overseas factories are running at partial capacity. Shipping containers are in short supply. And many truck drivers and warehouse workers are still caring for kids at home or fearful of contracting COVID.
The rare collision of robust demand and skimpy supplies has triggered widespread product shortages and higher prices just as the holiday shopping season shifts into high gear.
Meanwhile, hotels, restaurants and stores are also struggling to hire workers, sharply pushing up wages and forcing outlets to further lift prices.
Although the price increases initially were largely confined to COVID-related products and services, like autos, air fares, hotels, they’ve broadened to include a wide range of items, including food, rent and gasoline.
Republicans in Congress largely have blamed President Biden for the inflation, pointing to the $1.9 trillion American Rescue Plan earlier this year that further stoked consumer demand with $1,400 stimulus checks for most individuals and the renewal of enhanced jobless benefits.
Many economists chiefly point to the supply bottlenecks and say inflation should ease substantially as the kinks are worked out by the second half of 2022.
In an effort to curtail the spiraling prices if they don’t soon ease, the Federal Reserve next week is expected to accelerate the winding down of its bond-buying stimulus, a move that would clear the way for interest rate hikes as early as March.
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