Kalki Mandir and why Sambhal is significant

Sambhal is different and significant. The place in Uttar Pradesh is believed to be where an avatar of Vishnu will appear. Yes, it’s believed to be the site of a God who is yet to appear — a God of the future.

It’s unlike the site of the temple at Ram Janmabhoomi in Ayodhya, where Lord Ram is believed to have been born, or the Krishna Janmabhoomi in Mathura, which according to mythology is Lord Krishna’s birthplace.

According to Garuda Puran, both Ram and Krishna are avatars (reincarnations) of Vishnu, in the Treta and the Dwapar yugas.

Like Lord Ram was the seventh incarnation of Vishnu in treta yug, Kalki would be the tenth and the final and tenth one to arrive, riding a horse at the end of the Kaliyuga.

Hindu mythology says the descent of Kalki will end the dark, degenerating and chaotic kaliyuga and usher next, Satya Yuga

Sambhal had a centuries-old temple dedicated to Kalki, which was destroyed on the orders of Babur. The same Babur, who is blamed for the destruction of the 12th-century temple at Ram Janmabhoomi in Ayodhya and the building of the Babri Masjid.

So, Sambhal is the ground for the ‘to-be-reincarnated God’ was there built and destroyed. More of the history later. But here’s why we are talking about Sambhal today, in February 2024.


Prime Minister Narendra Modi, on Monday (February 19), laid the foundation stone for the Kalki Dham Temple in Sambhal district, Uttar Pradesh, some 160 kilometres, east of the national capital, New Delhi.

During the ceremony, PM Modi expressed optimism that Shri Kalki Dham would emerge as another significant centre of the Indian faith.

PM Modi hailed his presence in Sambhal, as “a privilege to be a part of the foundation stone laying ceremony” of Shri Kalki Dham Temple in Sambhal.

“When Lord Ram ruled, its impact was felt for thousands of years. Like Lord Ram, Kalki will impact a thousand years”, said PM Modi in Sambhal.

“We faced repeated attacks. Had it been any other civilisation, it would have crumbled. But we didn’t just resist and survive, we thrived,” added PM Modi on Monday.

The ceremony “has been possible after 18 years of waiting”, according to PM Modi.

PM modi attended the inauguration of Shri Kalki Dham in Sambhal, on Monday. (Image: Narendra Modi on X)


Interestingly, history bears the testimony that Babur, the founder of the Mughal Empire in India, ordered the destruction of a temple in Sambhal, similar to his actions in Ayodhya, according to historian Meenakshi Jain. It was destroyed in the 16th Century.

“The second mosque that he (Babur) built in India, was at Sambhal. Babar ordered his general to destroy that temple, and a mosque was built on his orders,” historian Meenakshi Jain said in an interview on a YouTube channel in 2023.

“The inscription on the mosque clearly says that it was built on the orders of Babar and pieces of the temple was used in the construction of the mosque,” she added.

“The use of temple material in the Sambhal mosque is evident from the internal architecture of the mosque,” writes historian Meenakshi Jain in ‘The Battle for Rama — Case of the Temple at Ayodhya’.

Just like there’s no mention of the destruction of the Ayodhya temple in ‘Baburnama’, Babur’s dairy is also silent about the Sambhal episode, though there is no break in his memoirs.

The destruction of a temple in Sambhal was also documented by historian Sri Ram Sharma, in his book published in 1940.

In the book, ‘The Religious Policy of the Mughal Emperors’, Sharma wrote, “One of his (Babar’s) officers, Hindu Beg, is said to have converted a Hindu temple at Sambhal into a mosque. His Sadr, Shaikh Zain, demolished many Hindu temples at Chanderi (MP) when he occupied it.”

“By Babar’s orders, Mir Baqi destroyed the temple at Ayudhya commemorating Rama’s birthplace and built a mosque in its place 1528-29,” added Sri Ram Sharma.

“He destroyed Jain idols at Urva near Gwalior. There is no reason to believe that he did anything to relax the harshness of religious policy which he found prevailing”, Sharma wrote, hinting at the religious policy followed by Babar during his short and dissatisfied reign in India.

Shahi Jama Masjid at Sambhal
The Shahi Jama Masjid in Sambhal, which was commissioned by Babur.


It is believed that a temple dedicated to Kalki was erected in the 18th century, by the Maratha ruler of Malwa, Ahilyabai Holkar, in Sambhal itself.

The temple, known as the ‘Kalki Mandir’, was constructed just next to the Shahi Jama Masjid of Babur in Sambhal nearly 300 years after the original temple was destroyed, according to reports.

Ahilyabai Holkar, the Maratha queen, also built the Kashi Vishwanath temple adjacent to the destroyed Kashi Vishweshwar temple in Varanasi.

She was known for her patronage of art and architecture. She undertook extensive temple construction and renovation projects, along the banks of the Narmada River and beyond.

Gaya’s Vishnupad temple, Ujjain’s Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga and Gujrat’s Somnath Temple are some of the shrines that received her patronage.

The Kalki temple is in Kot Purvi mohalla of Sambhal and is near the Shahi Jama Masjid.


The Shri Kalki Dham, whose foundation stone was laid by PM Modi on Monday, is located around 20 kilometres from the mosque built by Babur and the ‘Kalki Mandir’ in Kot Purvi Mohalla in Sambhal.

The Kalki Dham temple is being constructed by the Shri Kalki Dham Nirman Trust, whose chairman is Acharya Pramod Krishnam.

Pramod Krishnam was expelled from the Congress party for six years for his anti-party remarks, recently.

The Kalki Dham temple is being established before the incarnation of Kalki avatar. It will also have 10 sanctums, each to house the deities of the 10 incarnations of Vishnu.

Published On:

Feb 19, 2024

Source link

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *