N.L. travel ban upheld in provincial Supreme Court ruling

A judge has ruled that Newfoundland and Labrador’s controversial COVID-19 travel restrictions on non-residents will remain intact.

In a ruling released Thursday, Justice Donald Burrage wrote that the travel ban does indeed violate Section 6 of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms, which allows Canadians to move freely throughout the country.

However, Burrage said, the ban is protected by Section 1, which allows for reasonable exemptions to the charter.

Lawyers acting for the Canadian Civil Liberties Association and Halifax resident Kim Taylor filed the court challenge in May, after Taylor was denied a travel exemption to attend her mother’s funeral in Newfoundland and Labrador. 

“While restrictions on personal travel may cause mental anguish to some, and certainly did in the case of Ms. Taylor, the collective benefit to the population as a whole must prevail,” Burrage wrote in his decision.

“COVID-19 is a virulent and potentially fatal disease. In the circumstances of the case, Ms Taylor’s right to mobility must give way to the common good.”

Kim Taylor says the provincial government’s decision denying her entry into the province following her mother’s death has exasperated her grief. (CBC)

The day before Taylor applied to come home to St. John’s, Newfoundland and Labrador’s Chief Medical Officer of Health, Janice Fitzgerald, issued a special order prohibiting anyone who lived outside of the province from entering without an exemption issued by public health officials.

While restrictions on personal travel may cause mental anguish to some, and certainly did in the case of Ms. Taylor, the collective benefit to the population as a whole must prevail.– Justice Donald Burrage

Taylor was denied, then appealed the decision and was granted entry to the province eight days after her initial application.

She launched legal action against the province, and the Canadian Civil Liberties Association sought to join her case as a third party.

Lawyer Rosellen Sullivan argued on behalf of the Canadian Civil Liberties Association, fighting to overturn the travel restrictions in Newfoundland and Labrador. (CBC)

Rosellen Sullivan, lawyer for the CCLA, argued the travel restrictions infringed Canadian’s rights to travel freely throughout the country.

Lawyers also argued it was not within the province’s jurisdiction to impose laws restricting movement across the country.

After scanning applicable legislation and court decisions, Burrage ruled that there is no precedent that states the federal government has jurisdiction over provincial governments on public health matters.

He said federal and provincial rules “can live together and operate concurrently, at least with regard to the regulation of domestic travel” during a public health crisis.

Burrage did side with Taylor’s lawyer and the CCLA on the violation of Section 6.

“It is not an answer for this province to say to Ms. Taylor, you still have the right to remain in Canada, just not this part of Canada,” he wrote. “If Newfoundland and Labrador is entitled to close its border to Ms. Taylor without attracting Charter scrutiny, might other provinces and territories not do the same?”

However, in weighing all the factors involved, Burrage ruled the violation of her rights was “fleeting” and that it was outweighed by the public health crisis and Section 1 of the Charter.

Court heard from N.L.’s top experts

The hearing began in August, and included testimony from Dr. Proton Rahman, a researcher leading a team analyzing provincial contagion models. 

Rahman, a clinical epidemiologist and professor of medicine at Memorial University, testified the province’s COVID-19 rate could be 20 times higher without a travel ban.

Dr. Proton Rahman prepares to testify at a hearing challenging Newfoundland and Labrador’s COVID-19-related travel ban Thursday. (Patrick Butler/Radio-Canada)

Newfoundland and Labrador has had few active cases of COVID-19 since May, after an initial surge of cases in March and April that included three deaths.

A paper that Rahman co-authored said while relaxing travel restrictions is “a highly contentious political decision,” tight border measures are a clearly effective strategy to control cases.

N.L. Chief Medical Officer of Health Dr. Janice Fitzgerald announced sweeping public health emergency orders this spring. (Government of Newfoundland and Labrador)

The court also heard from Newfoundland and Labrador’s Chief Medical Officer of Health Dr. Janice Fitzgerald, who issued the travel ban under the PHPPA’s subsection for public health emergencies.

She testified she didn’t ask for precise models before ordering the travel restriction, because the group doing the work was too new at the time, and the modelling needed for a travel ban hadn’t yet been developed. 

Fitzgerald’s team did consult with epidemiologists and health care advocacy groups, and analyzed the general trajectory of the contagion.

CCLA reacts

Later in the 130-page decision, Burrage took issue with “less drastic” measures like testing travellers at entry points or relying solely on contact tracing.

Read Justice Donald Burrage’s decision: 

“Based on the foregoing evidence I am satisfied that an enemy as resilient as COVID-19 will not be kept in check through the approach advocated by the applicants,” he wrote. “The task of wrestling this disease into submission is no easy feat and is one that requires a dynamic and multi-pronged approach. The travel restriction is integral to that approach.”

Michael Bryant, the executive director of the CCLA, issued a news release on Thursday expressing mixed emotions about the decision.

“Not a great day, but it’s a good day for those who take our rights seriously in Canada,” Bryant said.

“While we didn’t win every point today, we will analyze the judgment before making a decision about whether to appeal it.”

Read more stories from CBC Newfoundland and Labrador

Source link

Johny Watshon

Life is like a running cycle right! I am a news editor at TIMES. Collecting <a href="https://usanewsupdate.com/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">News</a> is my passion. Because my visitors have the right to know the truth and perfectly.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Next Post

Ontario rolls back gathering limits in some areas as 293 new COVID-19 cases reported

Thu Sep 17 , 2020
Share on Facebook Tweet it Share on Google Pin it Share it Email Ontario health officials are holding a news conference at 3 p.m. ET. You can watch it live in the player above. Ontario is rolling back gathering limits in some areas of the province, and also implementing new […]
Ontario's Stage 3 reopening brings no surge in COVID-19 cases after 4 weeks

Chief Editor

Johny Watshon

Life is like running cycle right! I am a news editor at TIMES. Collecting News is my passion. Because my visitors have right to know the truth and perfectly.

Quick Links